Gentrification in European Metropolises

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  1
  


 Below you will see the survey results filtered by various parameters of respondents (age, gender, profession, country of origin, religion, level of income, political views and others).

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2
Question 1:  Gentrification is a process when a district becomes more and more popular for people with high income, so original residents can’t afford paying the rising rents anymore. Do you think gentrification is a problem in the city you are living in?
Click on each icon and star for more details.
45%
Yes
  This answer is at most chosen by: Inhabitants of medium, small cities
  Click on stars to find out more facts about respondents: ProfessionIncome
55%
No
[["Country","Filter","Parameter Key","Parameter","Yes","No"],["BE","country","BE","Belgium",0.66667,0.33333],["BE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.66667,0.33333],["DE","country","DE","Germany",0.45,0.55],["DE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.45,0.55],["GB","country","BE","Belgium",0.66667,0.33333],["GB","country","DE","Germany",0.45,0.55],["GB","country","GB","United Kingdom",0.44444,0.55556],["GB","country","HR","Croatia",1,0],["GB","country","HU","Hungary",1,0],["GB","country","IE","Ireland",0,1],["GB","country","IT","Italy",1,0],["GB","country","NL","Netherlands",0.5,0.5],["GB","country","NO","Norway",1,0],["GB","country","RU","Russia",0,1],["GB","country","SE","Sweden",1,0],["GB","country","US","United States",0.25,0.75],["GB","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.44444,0.55556],["HR","country","HR","Croatia",1,0],["HR","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",1,0],["HU","country","HU","Hungary",1,0],["HU","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",1,0],["IE","country","IE","Ireland",0,1],["IE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,1],["IT","country","IT","Italy",1,0],["IT","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",1,0],["NL","country","NL","Netherlands",0.5,0.5],["NL","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.5,0.5],["NO","country","NO","Norway",1,0],["NO","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",1,0],["RU","country","RU","Russia",0,1],["RU","economic_area","600","State",0,1],["RU","economic_area","610","Production sphere",0,1],["RU","economic_area","640","Physical infrastructure",0,1],["RU","employer","500","Unemployed",0,1],["RU","employer","510","Civil service",0,1],["RU","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,1],["RU","political_economy","210","Liberalism",0,1],["RU","political_economy","240","State capitalism",0,1],["RU","political_economy","260","Communism",0,1],["SE","country","SE","Sweden",1,0],["SE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",1,0],["US","country","BE","Belgium",0.66667,0.33333],["US","country","DE","Germany",0.45,0.55],["US","country","GB","United Kingdom",0.44444,0.55556],["US","country","HR","Croatia",1,0],["US","country","HU","Hungary",1,0],["US","country","IE","Ireland",0,1],["US","country","IT","Italy",1,0],["US","country","NL","Netherlands",0.5,0.5],["US","country","NO","Norway",1,0],["US","country","RU","Russia",0,1],["US","country","SE","Sweden",1,0],["US","country","US","United States",0.25,0.75],["US","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.25,0.75],["world","country","BE","Belgium",0.66667,0.33333],["world","country","DE","Germany",0.45,0.55],["world","country","GB","United Kingdom",0.44444,0.55556],["world","country","HR","Croatia",1,0],["world","country","HU","Hungary",1,0],["world","country","IE","Ireland",0,1],["world","country","IT","Italy",1,0],["world","country","NL","Netherlands",0.5,0.5],["world","country","NO","Norway",1,0],["world","country","RU","Russia",0,1],["world","country","SE","Sweden",1,0],["world","country","US","United States",0.25,0.75],["world","economic_area","600","State",0,1],["world","economic_area","610","Production sphere",0,1],["world","economic_area","640","Physical infrastructure",0,1],["world","employer","500","Unemployed",0,1],["world","employer","510","Civil service",0,1],["world","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.45455,0.54545],["world","political_economy","210","Liberalism",0,1],["world","political_economy","240","State capitalism",0,1],["world","political_economy","260","Communism",0,1]]
["Yes","No"]
["#23748e","#E34D31","#24a650","#E38E31","#3366CC","#1B2137","#7030A0","#A6A6A6","#66AA00","#B82E2E","#316395"]
[["Filter1","Parameter1-Key","Parameter1-Name","Filter2","Parameter2-Key","Parameter2-Name","Yes","No"]]
No filter
Gender
Age
Income
Education
Profession
Occupation
Country
  • Belgium
  • Croatia
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Russia
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • All / None
Region
City Type
Political party
Religious views
Marital status
Friends
2
Question 2:  In many European countries citizens and politicians demand a stricter regulation of the estate and rental market, while flat owners fear dispossession and loss of value of their properties. What do you think about introducing a limit for rental prices?
Click on each icon and star for more details.
56%
It is necessary to stop rents from exploding
  This answer is at most chosen by: People with college degree
  Click on stars to find out more facts about respondents: AgeIncome
24%
It will only cause loss of value of private property and is illegitimate
20%
It won’t help anyway
[["Country","Filter","Parameter Key","Parameter","It is necessary to stop rents from exploding","It will only cause loss of value of private property and is illegitimate ","It won\u2019t help anyway"],["BE","country","BE","Belgium",0.33333,0.66667,0],["BE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.33333,0.66667,0],["DE","country","DE","Germany",0.6,0.25,0.15],["DE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.6,0.25,0.15],["GB","country","BE","Belgium",0.33333,0.66667,0],["GB","country","DE","Germany",0.6,0.25,0.15],["GB","country","GB","United Kingdom",0.88889,0,0.11111],["GB","country","HR","Croatia",0,0,1],["GB","country","HU","Hungary",0,1,0],["GB","country","IE","Ireland",0,0,1],["GB","country","IT","Italy",0,0,1],["GB","country","NL","Netherlands",0.5,0.25,0.25],["GB","country","NO","Norway",1,0,0],["GB","country","RU","Russia",0.28571,0.28571,0.42857],["GB","country","SE","Sweden",1,0,0],["GB","country","US","United States",0.5,0.5,0],["GB","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.88889,0,0.11111],["HR","country","HR","Croatia",0,0,1],["HR","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,0,1],["HU","country","HU","Hungary",0,1,0],["HU","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,1,0],["IE","country","IE","Ireland",0,0,1],["IE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,0,1],["IT","country","IT","Italy",0,0,1],["IT","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,0,1],["NL","country","NL","Netherlands",0.5,0.25,0.25],["NL","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.5,0.25,0.25],["NO","country","NO","Norway",1,0,0],["NO","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",1,0,0],["RU","country","RU","Russia",0.28571,0.28571,0.42857],["RU","economic_area","600","State",0,1,0],["RU","economic_area","610","Production sphere",0,0,1],["RU","economic_area","640","Physical infrastructure",1,0,0],["RU","employer","500","Unemployed",1,0,0],["RU","employer","510","Civil service",0,1,0],["RU","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.28571,0.28571,0.42857],["RU","political_economy","210","Liberalism",0.5,0,0.5],["RU","political_economy","240","State capitalism",0,1,0],["RU","political_economy","260","Communism",0.5,0,0.5],["SE","country","SE","Sweden",1,0,0],["SE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",1,0,0],["US","country","BE","Belgium",0.33333,0.66667,0],["US","country","DE","Germany",0.6,0.25,0.15],["US","country","GB","United Kingdom",0.88889,0,0.11111],["US","country","HR","Croatia",0,0,1],["US","country","HU","Hungary",0,1,0],["US","country","IE","Ireland",0,0,1],["US","country","IT","Italy",0,0,1],["US","country","NL","Netherlands",0.5,0.25,0.25],["US","country","NO","Norway",1,0,0],["US","country","RU","Russia",0.28571,0.28571,0.42857],["US","country","SE","Sweden",1,0,0],["US","country","US","United States",0.5,0.5,0],["US","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.5,0.5,0],["world","country","BE","Belgium",0.33333,0.66667,0],["world","country","DE","Germany",0.6,0.25,0.15],["world","country","GB","United Kingdom",0.88889,0,0.11111],["world","country","HR","Croatia",0,0,1],["world","country","HU","Hungary",0,1,0],["world","country","IE","Ireland",0,0,1],["world","country","IT","Italy",0,0,1],["world","country","NL","Netherlands",0.5,0.25,0.25],["world","country","NO","Norway",1,0,0],["world","country","RU","Russia",0.28571,0.28571,0.42857],["world","country","SE","Sweden",1,0,0],["world","country","US","United States",0.5,0.5,0],["world","economic_area","600","State",0,1,0],["world","economic_area","610","Production sphere",0,0,1],["world","economic_area","640","Physical infrastructure",1,0,0],["world","employer","500","Unemployed",1,0,0],["world","employer","510","Civil service",0,1,0],["world","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.56364,0.23636,0.2],["world","political_economy","210","Liberalism",0.5,0,0.5],["world","political_economy","240","State capitalism",0,1,0],["world","political_economy","260","Communism",0.5,0,0.5]]
["It is necessary to stop rents from exploding","It will only cause loss of value of private property and is illegitimate ","It won\u2019t help anyway"]
["#23748e","#E34D31","#24a650","#E38E31","#3366CC","#1B2137","#7030A0","#A6A6A6","#66AA00","#B82E2E","#316395"]
[["Filter1","Parameter1-Key","Parameter1-Name","Filter2","Parameter2-Key","Parameter2-Name","It is necessary to stop rents from exploding","It will only cause loss of value of private property and is illegitimate ","It won\u2019t help anyway"]]
No filter
Gender
Age
Income
Education
Profession
Occupation
Country
  • Belgium
  • Croatia
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Russia
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • All / None
Region
City Type
Political party
Religious views
Marital status
Friends
2
Question 3:  Do you think that it is unfair, when some people can’t afford to live in capitals and large cities or have to rent very small flats?
Click on each icon and star for more details.
Linke
58%
Yes, everyone should have the opportunity to live in normal flat in a large…
  This answer is at most chosen by: Voters of Linke
  Click on stars to find out more facts about respondents: EducationReligious views
42%
No, this is how free market economy works
[["Country","Filter","Parameter Key","Parameter","Yes, everyone should have the opportunity to live in normal flat in a large city","No, this is how free market economy works"],["BE","country","BE","Belgium",1,0],["BE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",1,0],["DE","country","DE","Germany",0.75,0.25],["DE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.75,0.25],["GB","country","BE","Belgium",1,0],["GB","country","DE","Germany",0.75,0.25],["GB","country","GB","United Kingdom",0.66667,0.33333],["GB","country","HR","Croatia",0,1],["GB","country","HU","Hungary",0,1],["GB","country","IE","Ireland",0,1],["GB","country","IT","Italy",1,0],["GB","country","NL","Netherlands",0.25,0.75],["GB","country","NO","Norway",0.5,0.5],["GB","country","RU","Russia",0.42857,0.57143],["GB","country","SE","Sweden",0.5,0.5],["GB","country","US","United States",0.25,0.75],["GB","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.66667,0.33333],["HR","country","HR","Croatia",0,1],["HR","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,1],["HU","country","HU","Hungary",0,1],["HU","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,1],["IE","country","IE","Ireland",0,1],["IE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,1],["IT","country","IT","Italy",1,0],["IT","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",1,0],["NL","country","NL","Netherlands",0.25,0.75],["NL","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.25,0.75],["NO","country","NO","Norway",0.5,0.5],["NO","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.5,0.5],["RU","country","RU","Russia",0.42857,0.57143],["RU","economic_area","600","State",0,1],["RU","economic_area","610","Production sphere",0,1],["RU","economic_area","640","Physical infrastructure",1,0],["RU","employer","500","Unemployed",1,0],["RU","employer","510","Civil service",0,1],["RU","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.42857,0.57143],["RU","political_economy","210","Liberalism",0.5,0.5],["RU","political_economy","240","State capitalism",0,1],["RU","political_economy","260","Communism",1,0],["SE","country","SE","Sweden",0.5,0.5],["SE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.5,0.5],["US","country","BE","Belgium",1,0],["US","country","DE","Germany",0.75,0.25],["US","country","GB","United Kingdom",0.66667,0.33333],["US","country","HR","Croatia",0,1],["US","country","HU","Hungary",0,1],["US","country","IE","Ireland",0,1],["US","country","IT","Italy",1,0],["US","country","NL","Netherlands",0.25,0.75],["US","country","NO","Norway",0.5,0.5],["US","country","RU","Russia",0.42857,0.57143],["US","country","SE","Sweden",0.5,0.5],["US","country","US","United States",0.25,0.75],["US","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.25,0.75],["world","country","BE","Belgium",1,0],["world","country","DE","Germany",0.75,0.25],["world","country","GB","United Kingdom",0.66667,0.33333],["world","country","HR","Croatia",0,1],["world","country","HU","Hungary",0,1],["world","country","IE","Ireland",0,1],["world","country","IT","Italy",1,0],["world","country","NL","Netherlands",0.25,0.75],["world","country","NO","Norway",0.5,0.5],["world","country","RU","Russia",0.42857,0.57143],["world","country","SE","Sweden",0.5,0.5],["world","country","US","United States",0.25,0.75],["world","economic_area","600","State",0,1],["world","economic_area","610","Production sphere",0,1],["world","economic_area","640","Physical infrastructure",1,0],["world","employer","500","Unemployed",1,0],["world","employer","510","Civil service",0,1],["world","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.58182,0.41818],["world","political_economy","210","Liberalism",0.5,0.5],["world","political_economy","240","State capitalism",0,1],["world","political_economy","260","Communism",1,0]]
["Yes, everyone should have the opportunity to live in normal flat in a large city","No, this is how free market economy works"]
["#23748e","#E34D31","#24a650","#E38E31","#3366CC","#1B2137","#7030A0","#A6A6A6","#66AA00","#B82E2E","#316395"]
[["Filter1","Parameter1-Key","Parameter1-Name","Filter2","Parameter2-Key","Parameter2-Name","Yes, everyone should have the opportunity to live in normal flat in a large city","No, this is how free market economy works"]]
No filter
Gender
Age
Income
Education
Profession
Occupation
Country
  • Belgium
  • Croatia
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Russia
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • All / None
Region
City Type
Political party
Religious views
Marital status
Friends
2
Question 4:  Would you rather spent more than half of your earnings on the flat rent to live in a metropolis or save the money and move to a suburb or even to another smaller city?
Click on each icon and star for more details.
20%
I’d live in an expensive metropolis
  This answer is at most chosen by: Religious people without confession
  Click on stars to find out more facts about respondents: ProfessionMarital status
Linke
51%
I’d move to a suburb of the metropolis
29%
I’d move to a smaller city
[["Country","Filter","Parameter Key","Parameter","I\u2019d live in an expensive metropolis","I\u2019d move to a suburb of the metropolis","I\u2019d move to a smaller city"],["BE","country","BE","Belgium",0.33333,0.33333,0.33333],["BE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.33333,0.33333,0.33333],["DE","country","DE","Germany",0.25,0.45,0.3],["DE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.25,0.45,0.3],["GB","country","BE","Belgium",0.33333,0.33333,0.33333],["GB","country","DE","Germany",0.25,0.45,0.3],["GB","country","GB","United Kingdom",0,0.66667,0.33333],["GB","country","HR","Croatia",0,1,0],["GB","country","HU","Hungary",0,1,0],["GB","country","IE","Ireland",1,0,0],["GB","country","IT","Italy",0,1,0],["GB","country","NL","Netherlands",0,0.5,0.5],["GB","country","NO","Norway",0.5,0,0.5],["GB","country","RU","Russia",0.14286,0.42857,0.42857],["GB","country","SE","Sweden",0.5,0.5,0],["GB","country","US","United States",0.25,0.75,0],["GB","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,0.66667,0.33333],["HR","country","HR","Croatia",0,1,0],["HR","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,1,0],["HU","country","HU","Hungary",0,1,0],["HU","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,1,0],["IE","country","IE","Ireland",1,0,0],["IE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",1,0,0],["IT","country","IT","Italy",0,1,0],["IT","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,1,0],["NL","country","NL","Netherlands",0,0.5,0.5],["NL","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0,0.5,0.5],["NO","country","NO","Norway",0.5,0,0.5],["NO","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.5,0,0.5],["RU","country","RU","Russia",0.14286,0.42857,0.42857],["RU","economic_area","600","State",0,0,1],["RU","economic_area","610","Production sphere",0,1,0],["RU","economic_area","640","Physical infrastructure",1,0,0],["RU","employer","500","Unemployed",1,0,0],["RU","employer","510","Civil service",0,0,1],["RU","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.14286,0.42857,0.42857],["RU","political_economy","210","Liberalism",0,1,0],["RU","political_economy","240","State capitalism",0,0,1],["RU","political_economy","260","Communism",0.5,0,0.5],["SE","country","SE","Sweden",0.5,0.5,0],["SE","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.5,0.5,0],["US","country","BE","Belgium",0.33333,0.33333,0.33333],["US","country","DE","Germany",0.25,0.45,0.3],["US","country","GB","United Kingdom",0,0.66667,0.33333],["US","country","HR","Croatia",0,1,0],["US","country","HU","Hungary",0,1,0],["US","country","IE","Ireland",1,0,0],["US","country","IT","Italy",0,1,0],["US","country","NL","Netherlands",0,0.5,0.5],["US","country","NO","Norway",0.5,0,0.5],["US","country","RU","Russia",0.14286,0.42857,0.42857],["US","country","SE","Sweden",0.5,0.5,0],["US","country","US","United States",0.25,0.75,0],["US","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.25,0.75,0],["world","country","BE","Belgium",0.33333,0.33333,0.33333],["world","country","DE","Germany",0.25,0.45,0.3],["world","country","GB","United Kingdom",0,0.66667,0.33333],["world","country","HR","Croatia",0,1,0],["world","country","HU","Hungary",0,1,0],["world","country","IE","Ireland",1,0,0],["world","country","IT","Italy",0,1,0],["world","country","NL","Netherlands",0,0.5,0.5],["world","country","NO","Norway",0.5,0,0.5],["world","country","RU","Russia",0.14286,0.42857,0.42857],["world","country","SE","Sweden",0.5,0.5,0],["world","country","US","United States",0.25,0.75,0],["world","economic_area","600","State",0,0,1],["world","economic_area","610","Production sphere",0,1,0],["world","economic_area","640","Physical infrastructure",1,0,0],["world","employer","500","Unemployed",1,0,0],["world","employer","510","Civil service",0,0,1],["world","no_filter","all_respondents","All respondents",0.2,0.50909,0.29091],["world","political_economy","210","Liberalism",0,1,0],["world","political_economy","240","State capitalism",0,0,1],["world","political_economy","260","Communism",0.5,0,0.5]]
["I\u2019d live in an expensive metropolis","I\u2019d move to a suburb of the metropolis","I\u2019d move to a smaller city"]
["#23748e","#E34D31","#24a650","#E38E31","#3366CC","#1B2137","#7030A0","#A6A6A6","#66AA00","#B82E2E","#316395"]
[["Filter1","Parameter1-Key","Parameter1-Name","Filter2","Parameter2-Key","Parameter2-Name","I\u2019d live in an expensive metropolis","I\u2019d move to a suburb of the metropolis","I\u2019d move to a smaller city"]]
No filter
Gender
Age
Income
Education
Profession
Occupation
Country
  • Belgium
  • Croatia
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Russia
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • All / None
Region
City Type
Political party
Religious views
Marital status
Friends
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